A Treasury of Christmas Carols



Allibone, Samuel Austin, A Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American Authors, (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1900), reproduced by the University of Virginia Library, Early American Fiction, for information concerning Washington Irving.

An Outline of American History for information concerning the distribution of emigration to America.

Anderson, John D., Biography of Washington Irving (1783-1859)

Anon., "Regional and Historical Carols From Across England", the liner notes to A Garland of Christmas, a Christmas CD by COOPE BOYES & SIMPSON (1 November 1998)

ASCAP for lists of Christmas and popular songs which were the most performed in the 20th century, and to review the contents of their Holiday CD.

Aylmer, G. E., Rebellion of Revolution? England from Civil War to Restoration (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986)

BBC Online for information concerning the English Civil War and Oliver Cromwell. 

A Biography of Cromwell

Benet, William Rose, ed., The Reader’s Encyclopedia, Second Edition (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co.,1965)

Birmingham, England, Assist for information concerning Washington Irving and Aston Hall, purportedly the inspiration for "Bracebridge Hall."

Blieler, E. F., ed., The Best Tales of Hoffman (New York: Dover, 1967).

Bradley, Ian, "Sing Choirs Of Angels," printed December 1998 in the Magazine History Today [Page has disappeared]

Brooks, Van Wyck, The World of Washington Irving (New York: E. P. Dutton & Company, 1944)

Chalmers, Irena, The Great American Christmas Almanac (New York: Viking, 1988)

Christmas 98

Christmas Carols for Rabid Fans, carols specifically for sports fans (Green Bay, Denver, Chicago, and Pittsburgh).

Coldwell, Chris, "The Religious Observance of Christmas and ‘Holy Days’ in American Presbyterianism," Copyright © 1999 First Presbyterian Church of Rowlett

Comfort, David, Just Say Noel (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995)

Dearmer, Percy, et. al., eds., The Oxford Book of Carols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1928, rev 1964).

Dickens, Charles, A Christmas Carol (St. Louis: MCE Publishing Company, 1996), with introduction by Dan Malan (and featuring 45 Gustave Dore engravings, plus 150 other Victorian illustrations).

Duncan, Edmondstoune, The Story of the Carol (London: W. Scott Pub. Co., 1911)

Duyckinck, Evert A., Cyclopaedia of American Literature, (New York: C. Scribner, 1856), University of Virginia Library Web site 

Earthly Delights: Xmas Carols A serious look at the dance of caroling. Recommended.

Emurian, Ernest K. Stories of Christmas Carols (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1958)

Encyclopedia.com for information concerning Charles I, William Laud, Oliver Cromwell and the English Civil War. The Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Third Edition Copyright © 1994, Columbia University Press.

Encyclopedia Britannica for information concerning carols, the Fayrfax Manuscript, the Waits, Oliver Cromwell, John Pym, the Long and Short Parliaments and the English Civil War.

Gonzales, Jorge Luis, 18th Century Hymnody History, University of Georgia-Athens [Link broken; the author is apparently no longer on faculty]

Greene, Richard Leighton, A Selection of English Carols, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1962 [Acquired but not incorporated]

Hart, Benjamin, Faith and Freedom: The Christian Roots of American Liberty for information concerning the English Civil War.

Hearn, Michael Patrick, The Annotated Christmas Carol: A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens (New York: Avenel Books, 1976). Includes the original John Leech illustrations, and features an Introduction by Hearn, extensive annotations of the text, and a bibliography.

Hooper, Linda Rosewood, A Little Book About A Christmas Carol for information concerning English society in the 1840s. Link at The Dickens Project broken, 8 January 2004.

The Hymnuts for biographical information about some of the authors of hymns and carols.

Infoplease.com for information concerning Edward Hyde, 1st earl of Clarendon, 1609–74, English statesman and historian (another scapegoat of Charles I).

Jeffrey, David L., "Early English Carols and the Macronic Hymn", University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada [Page removed from server; links on the server also broken.]

Jeffrey, Tina C., Williamsburg Christmas Decorations (1968)

Jones, Charles W., Saint Nicholas of Myra, Bari, and Manhattan (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978)

Joseph, Robert, The Christmas Book (New York: McAfee Books, 1978)

Keyte, Hugh and Parrot, Andrew, eds., The New Oxford Book of Carols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992)

Knox, E. L., Notes on the History of Western Civilization, Boise State University, for information concerning the English Civil War.

Marietta, Larry, "Larry Marietta's Music Notes," Sunday Morning Services at FCCB (First Congregational Church of Berkeley), 

Menendez, Albert J. and Shirley C. Menendez, Christmas Songs Made in America (Nashville: Cumberland House, 1999)

Maitland, J A Fuller, ed., Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians (London: Macmillan & Co. Ltd., 1910) , Volume III, M to P (first edition 1907), specifically for the notes provided by Frank Kidson "Noel" and "Folk Song Society." Reproduced by Musical Traditions: The Magazine for Traditional Music Throughout the World

Nissenbaum, Stephen, The Battle For Christmas (New York:: Vintage Books, 1996)

Neal, Daniel, The History of the Puritans (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1842), 2 volumes.

Oakwood Waits for information concerning waits.

Osbeck, Kenneth W. Joy to the World: The Stories Behind Your Favorite Christmas Carols (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1999)

O'Connor, Mary, The O'Connor Music Studio, Fairfax, Virginia, 

Paterson, James, The Interregnum 1640-1660 [Link broken as of January 9, 2002]

Peterson, William S., Professor of English, University of Maryland, College Park

Poston, Elizabeth, ed., The Penguin Book of Christmas Carols (Penguin Books: Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England, 1965)

Poston, Elizabeth., ed., The Second Penguin Book of Christmas Carols (Penguin Books: Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England, 1970)

Poston, Elizabeth, and Malcolm Williamson, eds., A Book of Christmas Carols (Prentice Hall: New York, 1988). This is the last of the works of Elizabeth Poston who died March 18, 1987.

Radford, Alan, The Leeds Waits, 1998

Reed, Edward Bliss, Christmas Carols Printed in the Sixteenth Century, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1932

Rempel, Gerhard, Oliver Cromwell: Constitutional Crisis in England, Western New England College, together with historical notes concerning English society in the time of Queen Victoria and Charles Dickens (Appendix D, English Society in the 1840s).

Rose, Johanna Maria, a member of the musical group Anonymous 4, in liner notes at http://www.columbuschambermusic.org

Routley, Eric, The English Carol (New York: Oxford University Press, 1959)

Sandys, William, Christmas Carols: Ancient and Modern (London: Richard Beckley, 1833)

Scholes, Percy, The Oxford Companion to Music (London: Oxford University Press, 1947)

Studwell, William E., Christmas Carols: A Reference Guide (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1985)

Studwell, William E., The Christmas Carol Reader (New York: Harrington Park Press, 1995)

Studwell and Jones, Publishing Glad Tidings: Essays on Christmas Music (New York: Haworth Press, 1998)

Terry, Richard R., A Medieval Carol Book, London, Burns Oates and Washbourne, Ltd., 1932 [Acquired but not incorporated]

The Year 2000 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia (Danbury, CT: Grolier Interactive, 1999)

The Wassail Page!!!! The Web's Wassail Epicenter!!, the source for most of the wassail songs you'll (eventually) find here. Also has pages discussing the history of wassail, recipes of wassails, and literary text allusions to wassail.

Wilcox, Glenn, Early American Christmas Carols (Pacific, MO: Mel Bay Publications, 1995)

Williams, Stanley T., The Life of Washington Irving (New York: Octagon Books, 1971; a reprint of a set first published by the Oxford University Press, 1935). Vol. 1.

Williams, Stanley T., ed., Notes While Preparing Sketch Book &c. 1817 by Washington Irving (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1927).

The York Waits Home Page for information concerning waits and the medieval spread of music. [Page closed, January 9, 2002]

Other Sources for the Study of Christmas Carols

The references listed below have been gleaned from primary research materials, but, due to their rarity, have not been acquired. They have been highly praised.

Greene, Richard Leighton, The Early English Carols, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1935

Terry, Richard R., Two Hundred Folk Carols, London, Burns Oates and Washbourne, Ltd., 1933

Terry, Richard R., Gilbert and Sandys’ Christmas Carols (London: Burns Oates and Washburne, 19??)

References to sites in the Internet and the World Wide Web were correct as of the time of initial access, but may no longer be correct as of today.

Additional Links of Interest

Mark S. Ritchie, The Story of the Church. Notes from the Church History classes taught in 1997-1999 at Community Bible Chapel, Richardson, Texas.

Richard A. Diener, Poems For Christmas. Inspirational poems written by Mr. Diener.

A Few Favorite Christmas CDs

More Favorite Christmas Music

Christmas Music: A Few Personal Favorites

Some Favorite Christmas Carol Books and Music

Some Christmas Sheet Music

A Few Sheet Music Sources

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Douglas D. Anderson

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