The Hymns and Carols of Christmas

 

"Silent Night, Holy Night"
 

Sources For Translations and Arrangements

 

January 29, 2009.

 

    The purpose of this document is to capture in one place all the sources for lyrics, scores and other information about English translations of the great Austrian carol Stille Nacht! Heilige Nacht! as they occur on this website, The Hymns and Carols of Christmas as of this date (new hymns and carols are continually being added to this web site). Due to the large numbers of citations, not all hymnals, etc., that were found with translations are listed here. Where possible, I have attempted to consult first sources; however, some are unknown and others are unobtainable.

 

    This is by no means a complete or comprehensive listing of sources for all lyrics or music of this venerable carol. Many of these resources contain additional bibliographical listings that any future researcher would be wise to consult. New research is being continually conducted and new resources are found frequently.

 

    A basic source for information prior to 1900 was John Julian, ed., The Dictionary of Hymnology, Second Edition, 1907. The Google Books resource has been invaluable in seeing copies of volumes long out of print and for which only a few copies exist anywhere in the world (and which often will not be loaned out). The Internet Archive web site is also an excellent resource.

 

    Also recommended to researchers is The Cyber Hymnal (this is the new URL) and Oremus. My bibliography lists additional sources that I have used for this web site.

 

    If you can recommend any additional resources, please . If you know of any other versions, please let me know; please bear in mind that this is a family-safe site.

 

See generally Silent Night, Holy Night - Notes

 

English Translations In The Public Domain On This Site:

  1. Holy Night, Calmly Bright (Translation by Mary D. Moultrie;  "Watch we where in slumber light," translation of a poem written by Johann Ludwig Uhland (1787-1862), not Joseph Mohr as previously reported by John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, Second Edition, 1907).

  2. Holy Night, Peaceful Night (Translation by Miss Jane Montgomery Campbell, 1863; "All is dark, save the light")

  3. Holy Night, Peaceful Night (Adaptation by Alfred Bell, circa 1869 of the Jane Montgomery Campbell translation, 1863; "Through the darkness beams a light")

  4. Holy Night, Silent Night (Translator unknown, ca. 1918; "All things sleep, Angels bright")

  5. Peaceful Night! All Things Sleep (Translation by Edward Thring, ca. 1887; "Holy night! long watch keep")

  6. Peaceful Night, Hallowed Night (Translator unknown; "All around, sleep profound")

  7. Silent Night, Hallowed Night (Translation by J. F. Warner, 1849; "Land and deep silent sleep")

  8. Silent Night! Hallow'd Night! (Translator Unknown; "Earth is hushed, Heav'n a-light!")

  9. Silent Night, Holiest Night (Translation by C. T. Brooks, pub. 1885; "Moonbeams form silvery light")

  10. Silent Night, Holiest Night (Translation by Rev. Dr. Alfred Edersheim (1825-1889);  Date Unknown; "All asleep, lonely light")

  11. Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by Bishop John Freeman Young, prior to 1859, plus the translation of verses 3, 4, and 5 by William C. Egan, 2006; "All is calm, all is bright"). Also see: Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation of all six German verses that is being  distributed by the tourist office in Oberndorf, Austria; the Young and Egan translations in the order corresponding to the original carol)

  12. Silent Night, Holy Night (Also under the title of "Silent Night, Sacred Night"; Translator unknown; "Bethlehem sleeps yet what light")

  13. Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by Bettina Klein; "Round yon godly tender pair"; date unknown)

  14. Silent Night! Holy Night! (Translation by William Tidd Matson, ca. 1887)

  15. Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by Frank Petersohn, 1997; "All's asleep, one sole light")

  16. Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by W. G. Rothery; "Starry skies beaming bright")

  17. Silent Night, Holy Night (Literal translation by Alexander Krischnig; "The world is calm, all is sleeping")

  18. Silent Night - Moravian Church (1902; "Slumber reigns! Naught in sight!")

  19. Silent Night, Peaceful Night (Translator Unknown' "All things sleep, shepherds keep")

  20. Silent Night, Shadowy Night (Marie Mason, ca 1884; "Purple dome, starry light!")

  21. Still the night, Holy the night (Translation by Rev. Stopford A. Brooke, 1881; "Sleeps the world, yet the light")

  22. Still The Night, Holy The Night (Adaptation by Unknown of the translation by Stopford A. Brooke, 1881); "Sleeps the world, hid from sight")

  23. Stilly Night, Holy Night (Translation by Elizabeth E. S. Elliott, 1858)

 


 

Holy Night, Calmly Bright (Translation by Mary D. Moultrie;  "Watch we where in slumber light," translation of a poem written by Johann Ludwig Uhland (1787-1862), not Joseph Mohr as previously reported by John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, Second Edition, 1907).

 

Kate B. Runkle, Festival Poems (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1884), p. 111.

 


 

Holy Night, Peaceful Night (Translation by Miss Jane Montgomery Campbell, 1862; "All is dark, save the light")

 

According to John Julian (Dictionary of Hymnology, 1907, p.761), this version was first published in C. S. Bere's A Garland of Songs, 1863, and thence in Hymns and Carols, London, 1871. Campbell's translation was very widely used, perhaps second only to the Young translation. Like all older translations, it is often amended by editors.

 

John Ireland Tucker, The Parish Hymnal (New York: F. J. Huntington and Co., 1870, 1872).

 

H. A. L. Peabody (New York: Oliver Ditson & Co., 1885)

No credit to Miss Campbell was given on the sheet music.
Source of the sheet music is the Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, America Singing: Nineteenth-Century Song Sheets.
(American Memory, Performing Arts-Music)

 

Charles L. Hutchins, ed., Sunday-School Hymnal and Service Book (Boston: The Parish Choir, 1892), #495.

 

Edwin Augustus Bedell, ed., The Church Hymnary: A Collection of Hymns and Tunes for Public Worship (New York: Maynard, Merrill & Co., 1900), #187, p. 90. Bedell's 1890 and 1900 editions gives "Used by permission of Oliver Ditson Company, owners of the copyright."

 

Frank Landon Humphreys, ed., Christmas Carols (New York: Novello Ewer & Co., 1900), p. 22.

 

Moravian Church, Offices of Worship and Hymns (Bethlehem, PA: Moravian Publications Office, 1902), #1516, p. 414.

 

The Book Of Common Praise (Oxford: University Press, 1909), #742.

 

Henry Sloane Coffin and Ambrose White Vernon, eds., Hymns of the Kingdom of God (New York: The A. S. Barnes Company, 1910), #468

 

Y. P. Rodeheaver, Gospel Solos and Duets (Winona Lake, Indiana: Rodeheaver-Hall- Mack Co., 1925), Carol 141

 

Andreas Bersagel, et al, eds., The Concordia Hymnal (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1932), #140, p. 124

 

The Hymnal (Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Christian Education, 1933)

 

The Service Hymnal (Chicago: Hope Publishing Company, 1943)

 


 

 

Holy Night, Silent Night (Translator unknown, ca. 1918; "All things sleep, Angels bright")

 

Eleanor Smith, et al., eds., The Children's Hymnal (New York: American Book Company, 1918), #85, p. 99.

 


 

 

Holy Night, Peaceful Night (Adaptation by Alfred Bell, circa 1869 of the Jane Montgomery Campbell translation, 1863; "Through the darkness beams a light")

 

First publication: Joseph Barnby, Original Tunes to Popular Hymns, Vol. 1, London, 1869.

 

Sigismond Lasar, ed., The New Hymnary (New York and Chicago: Biglow & Main, 1876), #89; Verses 1, 2, 4 and 5 of the original.

 

The University Hymn Book: Altered by Permission for Use in the First Unitarian Parish, Woburn (J. Wilson and Son, 1896, 1898), #97; Verses 1, 2, 4 and 5 of the original.

 

Hymns of Worship and Service. Eleventh Edition (New York: The Century Company, 1906), #370, p. 272.

 

Louisa Adams Beal, ed., Hymns for Christian Worship (Stanhope Press, 1909).

 

Louisa Adams Beal, ed., Hymns for Christian Worship: With Music (F. H. Gilson Co., 1910), Page 228, #360 (four of the five verses).

 

William Vail Wilson Davis, Raymond Calkins, eds., Hymns of the Church, New and Old (Barnes, 1912); Verses 4-5 by Bell, alt. Verse 1 is Young. Verses 2-3: unknown.

 

Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Synod, et al., The Lutheran Hymnary (Decorah, Iowa: Lutheran Publishing House, 1913), #178, p. 181.

 

Clara T. Guild and Lillian B. Poor, eds., The Little Child In Sunday School (Boston: The Beacon Press, 1918), p. 214.

 

Andreas Bersagel, et al., eds., The Concordia Hymnal (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1932), Hymn 140. (Same four verses).

 


 

 

Peaceful Night! All Things Sleep (Translation by Edward Thring, ca. 1887; "Holy night! long watch keep")

 

Edward Thring, Poems and Translations (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1887), pp. 124-5.

 


 

 

Peaceful Night, Hallowed Night (Translator unknown; "All around, sleep profound")

 

Bobbie Kalman, Early Christmas. Toronto: Crabtree Publishing Company, 1981, p. 19.

Inquire Within: A How-to Guide of Victorian Entertainment by Meredith Bean McMath

 


 

 

Silent Night, Hallowed Night (Translation by J. F. Warner, 1849; "Land and deep silent sleep")

 

This is believed to be the oldest translation of "Stille Nacht" in the English language. Translated by J. F. Warner, it was published in Charles Dingley, ed., The Devotional Harmonist (New York: George Lane and Levi Scott, 1851), p. 373. Prepared for some Methodist Episcopal Churches in New York and New Jersey, the copyright was 1849. Fourth line of third verse in Dingley begins “Sing to heaven in cordi- ...” The scans at Google Books were damaged, and no more of the verse can be made out.

 

Like many translations, the name of the translator was frequently excluded from hymnals, etc.

 

Alexander Campbell, ed., The Christian Hymn Book: A Compilation of Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs, Original and Selected, Third Edition, Revised (American Christian Missionary Society, Bosworth, 1866), p. 81, #131. According to John Julian, this carol occurred as No. 131 in Campbell's 1865 Christian Hymn Book. He also wrote that "it is suggested by, rather than a tr. of the German." (Dictionary of Hymnology, 1907, p. 761).

 

Tullius Clinton O'Kane, ed., Joy to the World: Or, Sacred Songs for Gospel Meetings (Walden and Stowe, 1878), p. 77, #91

 

R M Bishop, ed., The Christian Hymnal: A Collection of Hymns and Tunes for Congregational and Social Worship. Revised Edition (.Central Book Concern, 1882), p. 197, #557.

 

A. I. Hobbs, et al., The Christian Hymnal Revised (Christian Publishing Co., 1882).

 

Asa Hull, ed., Happy Greetings (New York: Asa Hull, 1888), p. 150.

 

Henry King, ed., Novello's Collection of Words of Anthems. Revised Edition (London: Novello and Company, 1898), #1302, p. 402.

 

N. H. Aitch, ed., The Golden Book of Favorite Songs. Tenth Edition (Chicago: Hall & McCreary Company, 1915), p. 114.

 


 

 

Silent Night! Hallow'd Night! (Translator Unknown; "Earth is hushed, Heav'n a-light!")

 

According to Ian Bradley, a version with the same title appeared in the Christian Hymn Book, 1865. However this was probably the Warner translation, which was published by Campbell in 1865. The Penguin Book of Carols (London: Penguin Books, 1999). A different version with the same name was recorded by the Haydn Quartet in 1905 (Victor 4511), available from The Dawn Of Sound. Another version was recorded by Olive Fremstad, Soprano, 3/30/11.

 

Rev. Charles Lewis Hutchins, Carols Old and Carols New (Boston: Parish Choir, 1916), Carol 419. This is one of three translations of Stille Nacht that occur in this volume; the other two are the Bell and Young translations. Oddly, he does not include the Campbell translation. No attribution is given.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holiest Night (Translation by C. T. Brooks, pub. 1885; "Moonbeams form silvery light")

 

Charles Timothy Brooks (20 June 1813 - 14 June 1883)

 

W. P. Andrews, ed., Poems, Original and Translated by Charles T. Brooks (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1885), p. 218. The date of translation is not known. This version was published in a posthumous collection.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holiest Night (Translation by Rev. Dr. Alfred Edersheim (1825-1889);  Date Unknown; "All asleep, lonely light")

 

Rev. Dr. Alfred Edersheim (1825-1889), ca. 1875.

 

Julian wrote that this translation first appeared in the Sunday at Home, Dec. 18, 1875, repeated in the Church Sunday School Hymn Book, 1879, No. 3 (John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, 1907, p. 761).

 

John Farmer, ed., The Supplemental Tune book to the Church Sunday School Hymn Book (London: Church of England Sunday School Institute, 1880), Hymn 3, p. 3.

 

In the text, Farmer writes that "Hymn 35" is the hymn "Holy Night" (i.e., "Silent Night, Holy Night") in The Church Sunday School Hymn Book, published at the Advent, 1879. Only a few copies exist in public libraries in early 2008; most libraries will not loan out the volume. It has not been scanned by Google Books. A copy of the 1892 edition on inter-library loan from California was reviewed to verify the name of the translator.

 

Edgar Pettman, ed., The Westminster Carol Book (London: Houghton & Co., 1899), Hymn No. VIII, "Holy Night," p. 12.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by Bishop John Freeman Young, prior to 1859, plus the translation of verses 3, 4, and 5 by William C. Egan, 2006; "All is calm, all is bright"). Also see: Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation of all six German verses that is being  distributed by the tourist office in Oberndorf, Austria; the Young and Egan translations in the order corresponding to the original carol)
 

Rev. J. Freeman Young, ed., Carols for Christmas Tide (New York: Daniel Dana, Jr., 1859), #1.

 

The Sunday-School Service and Tune Book: Selected and arranged by John Clark Hollister (New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1863), hymn #15, page 34.

 

A. B. Goodrich, ed., A New Service And Tune Book For Sunday Schools (New York: Gen. Prot. Episc. S. S. Union and Church Book Society, 1863, New Edition, Enlarged, 1866), # 147, p. 133.

 

Charles L. Hutchins, ed., The Sunday-School Hymnal and Service Book (Published by the Editor, Medford, Mass., 1871, 1878). Carol 17, pp. 198-9.

 

General Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, The Sunday School Book (Philadelphia: Lutheran Book Store, 1873, 1883), No. 65, p. 114.

 

J. P. McCaskey, ed., Franklin Square Song Collection, No. 1. (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1881), p. 129.

 

"A Child's Carol," "Original Melody. Harmony by A. Haupt" from J. H. Hopkins, ed., Great Hymns of the Church Compiled by the Late Right Reverend John Freeman Young (New York: James Pott & Company, 1887), #50, p. 81.

 

Hezekiah Butterworth's The Story of the Tunes (1890), p. 198.

 

J. P. McClaskey, Favorite Songs for School and Home (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1899), p. 173.

 

Rev. Charles Lewis Hutchins, Carols Old and Carols New (Boston: Parish Choir, 1916), #28 .

 

Episcopal Church, A Hymnal as Authorized and Approved for Use by the General Convention, 1916, Page 696. Carl Reinecke arrangement.

 

William Lee Hunton, ed., Favorite Hymns (Philadelphia: The General Counsel Publication House, 1917), p. 32, together with one of the worse pieces of "Silent Night" fiction ever published (Mohr, widowed on Christmas Eve, wrote this carol to help comfort his now motherless children.).

 

O. Hardwig, ed., The Wartburg Hymnal (Chicago: Wartburg Publishing House, 1918), #113

 

Rev. Byron Edward Underwood, "Bishop John Freeman Young: Translator of 'Stille Nacht'", The Hymn (official publication of The Hymn Society), October 1957), pp. 123-130.

 

Josef Gassner, “Franz Xaver Gruber's manuscripts of Silent Night, Holy Night, with a short history of the carol,” from Alois Schmaus and Lenz Kriss-Rettenbeck, Silent Night, Holy Night: History and Circulation Of A Carol (Innsbruck-Munich: University Press, 1968)

 

Sources for alternate verses:

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holy Night (Also under the title of "Silent Night, Sacred Night"; Translator unknown; "Bethlehem sleeps yet what light")

 

 

Bill Egan, moderator of the Christmas International Group at Yahoo.com, noted that Johnny Cash included the second verse above in his recorded version of "Silent Night, Holy Night." The second and third verses that Cash performed were from the Young translation, Silent Night, Holy Night, plus the anonymous fourth verse found on that page.

 

Frank Landon Humphreys, ed., Christmas Carols (New York and London: Novello, Ewer & Co., 1900), p. 22. Illustrated by Louis Rhead. No attribution. Text only.

 

L. J. Kavanagh and James M. McLaughlin, eds., Crown Hymnal. Boston: Ginn and Company, 1912, # 14, p. 18.

 

Nicola A. Montani, ed., The St. Gregory Hymnal And Catholic Choir Book. Philadelphia: St. Gregory Guild, 1920, #11, p. 15.

 

St. Basil's Hymn Book, the Order of St. Basil the Great (John P. Daleiden Co., 1925), p.116.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by Bettina Klein; "Round yon godly tender pair"; date unknown)

 

Source: Silent Night Web .

 


 

Silent Night! Holy Night! (Translation by William Tidd Matson, ca. 1887)

 

Source: Henry Allon, ed., Children's Worship (London: Hodder and Stroughton, 1888), p. 38, #132

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by W. G. Rothery (1858-1930); "Starry skies beaming bright").

 

This version is performed by "The Sixteen," conducted by Harry Christophers, on their CD "A Traditional Christmas Carol Collection from The Sixteen."

 

It is said to have been used in the arrangement by Alan Ridout (1934-1996); it occurs in Sing Nowell - 51 Carols (London: Novello and Co., 1963) and was recorded by the Choir of Queen's College, Cambridge, on their CD "Christmas from Cambridge", as well by other artists. The Colin Mawby arrangement is used in Carols Old and New, compiled by Malcolm Archer and Alan Ridout (1991, 1992).

 

This version occurs frequently on the world wide web, but I have not been able to locate a printed version.

 

Six Christmas Songs. (Unison.) ... Words (from the German of P. Cornelius) by W. G. Rothery, etc. [Staff and tonic sol-fa notation.] (Novello's School Songs) Carl August Peter CorneliusItem may not be in stock.Pub: Novello & Co, Pub date: 1915. I don't know if this contains “Silent Night” or not. No copy on Google Books.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holy Night (Translation by Frank Petersohn, 1997; "All's asleep, one sole light")

 

Source: English Lyrics by Frank, 1997, Stille Nacht Info (English)

 

Also available at Silent Night Web.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Holy Night (Literal translation by Alexander Krischnig; "The world is calm, all is sleeping")

 

Source: Silent Night Web

 


 

 

Silent Night - Moravian Church (1902; "Slumber reigns! Naught in sight!")

 

Moravian Church, Offices of Worship and Hymns (Bethlehem, PA: Moravian Publications Office, 1902), #1516, p. 414.

 

The first verse is from a version by W. T. Matson, No. 132, in Dr. Henry Allon's Children's Worship (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1878). This version has not yet been found. The translator of the other verses is unknown.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Peaceful Night (Translator Unknown' "All things sleep, shepherds keep")

 

A translation with the same first line and part of the second line was identified by John Julian (Dictionary of Hymnology, 1907, p. 761) as No. 17 in Carols for St. Stephen's Church, Kirkstall, Lees, 1872. I have been unable to examine this volume. All occurrences in the following volumes were "Anonymous."

 

American Unitarian Association, Hymn, Tune, and Service Book for Sunday Schools (1873), #229.

 

Velma C. Williams, ed., Hymnal: Amore Dei. Revised Edition (G. H. Ellis, 1890), p. 87.

 

Universalist Publishing House, Church Harmonies, New and Old: A Book of Spiritual Song for Christian Worshippers (1898), #612

 

Heart Songs (Boston: Chapple Publishing Co., 1909)

 

American Unitarian Association, Services for Congregational Worship (1914), #534.

 

American Unitarian Association, The New Hymn and Tune Book (1914), #534.

 

The first verse also occurs in Edward Thring, Poems and Translations (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1887), pp. 124-5.

 


 

 

Silent Night, Shadowy Night (Marie Mason, ca 1884; "Purple dome, starry light!")

 

Kate B. Runkle, Festival Poems (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1884), p. 97

 


 

 

Still the night, Holy the night (Translation by Rev. Stopford A. Brooke, 1881; "Sleeps the world, yet the light")

 

Rev. Stopford A. Brooke, ed., Christian Hymns (1881) #54, pp. 45-6.

 

Rev. Stopford A. Brooke, ed., Christian Hymns (1893), #58, pp. 53-4.

 


 

 

Still The Night, Holy The Night (Translator Unknown; "Sleeps the world, hid from sight")

 

Source: Silent Night Web

 


 

 

Other Sources:

 

The Silent Night Museum at Oberndorf contains an autographed manuscript which is the earliest version of "Silent Night!" known to date. It reveals information about the authors of the carol which was not known until the manuscript's discovery in 1995. There is also an on-line museum.

 

Stille Nacht Gesellschaft contains information about the Silent Night Association, as well as a history of the song, the authentic text and sheet music, biographies of both Mohr and Gruber, and links to other Silent Night sites.

 

Ronald M. Clancy, Sacred Christmas Music (New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 2008). Beautifully illustrated, Mr. Clancy carefully distinguishes between known facts and well-known legends concerning the background of this carol.

 

Ace Collins, Stories Behind The Best-Loved Songs of Christmas (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2001). I cannot recommend the history of Silent Night contained in this volume. It is largely a fictional account.

 

Ian Bradley, The Penguin Book of Carols (London: Penguin, 1999)

 

William C. Egan, A Christmas Treasure as well as several articles concerning the neglect of the graves of Bishop and Mrs. Young (that resulted in their 2008 repair).

 

William C. Egan, "The History of Carols." Mr. Egan is a Silent Night Historian who was awarded a gold medal by the government of Austria for his work on this carol. He is the curator of the Christmas International Group and Silent Night Group at Yahoo.com.

 

William C. Egan, Silent Night: The Song Heard 'Round The World; it can be found at Jak Oliver's Silent Night Homepage.

 

William C. Egan, The Silent Night Museum, a cyber-museum was created by Mr. Egan to provide a world wide audience with the true story behind the composition of "Silent Night" and learn about its creators, Joseph Mohr and Franz Gruber.

 

Josef Gassner, “Franz Xaver Gruber's manuscripts of Silent Night, Holy Night, with a short history of the carol,” from Alois Schmaus and Lenz Kriss-Rettenbeck, Silent Night, Holy Night: History and Circulation Of A Carol (Innsbruck-Munich: University Press, 1968). This article contains some excellent biographical notes concerning Mohr and Gruber, as well as an extensive analysis of the seven known manuscripts of the carol created by Gruber. The book also contains numerous translations of Stille Nacht. This is an excellent resource, if you can obtain a copy. "Version VII," above, is from this source.

 

John Clark Hollister, ed., The Sunday-School Service and Tune Book (New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1863, 1865).

 

Notes from the Hymnuts

 

Robert Joseph, The Christmas Book

 

John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology. Second Edition, 1907.

 

Keyte and Parrott, eds., The New Oxford Book of Carols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), citing Dr. Joseph [Josef] Gassner, Silent Night, Holy Night: History and circulation of a carol, 1968, for having disposed of many myths concerning the carol.

 

Keyte and Parrott, eds., The Shorter New Oxford Book of Carols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993)

 

Larry Marietta's Music Notes, Sunday Morning Services at FCCB (First Congregational Church of Berkeley),  December 14, 1997

 

Robert Guy McCutchan, Our Hymnody. Second Edition. (Abingdon Press: Nashville, TN, 1937), p. 523.

 

Jako Oliver, Silent Night Web, contains much interesting material concerning the carol.

 

Edgar Legare Pennington, "Soldier and Servant: John Freeman Young, Second Bishop of Florida," (Hartford, Conn.: Church Missions Publishing Co., 1939). This detailed, 63-page biography emphasizes his service as Bishop of Florida, 1867-1885, but makes little mention of his musical endeavors, and no mention of Silent Night. There was, unfortunately, no photograph or drawing of Bishop Young. The majority footnotes were to Diocese of Florida Convention Journals. No other published biography was mentioned. No other biography is listed in WorldCat.

 

Elizabeth Poston, The Penguin Book of Christmas Carols (London: Penguin, 1965)

 

William L. Simon, ed., The Reader's Digest Merry Christmas Songbook (Pleasantville, NY: Readers Digest Association, revised 2003)

 

William Studwell, The Christmas Carol Reader (New York: Harrington Park Press, 1995)

 

J. Freeman Young, ed., Carols for Christmas Tide (New York: Daniel Dana, Jr., 1859)

 

Byron Edward Underwood, "Bishop John Freeman Young: Translator of 'Stille Nacht'", The Hymn (official publication of The Hymn Society of America, October 1957, pp. 123-130)

 


 

Stilly Night, Holy Night (Translation by Elizabeth E. S. Elliott, 1858)

 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor, 1871 (London: Seeley, Jackson, & Halliday, Vol. 7, new series, p. 198).

 

Emily E. S. Elliott, Tune Book for Under the Pillow, 1880 (not the text version).

 

The Musical Times, Vol. 106, No. 1465 (March 1965), p. 199.

 


 

 

Under Copyright.

 

These translations have been collected but are not posted on the web site due to copyright. In some cases, these sources have also provided information that helped to trace the history of the translations of Stille Nacht! Heilige Nacht!

 

 

Newly Discovered – Several “New” Translations:

 

Silent Night, holy Night ... German words [by] J. Mohr (1792-1848). English words and music arranged by Guthrie Foote. <S. S. (Descant).> (Oxford choral Songs) by Franz Xaver Gruber (Unknown Binding - 1949)

 

Silent Night, holy Night ... [Hymn.] English translation by Mrs. G. Federlein ... Arr. by W. Rhys-Herbert by Franz Xaver Gruber (Unknown Binding - 1905)

Silent Night, holy Night ... [Hymn.] English translation by Mrs. G. Federlein ... Arr. by W. Rhys-Herbert by Franz Xaver Gruber (Unknown Binding - 1905) - Import. Currently unavailable. Publisher: J. Fischer & Bro (1905)

 

Peaceful Night! glorious Night! A Tyrolese Christmas Song ... with pianoforte accompaniments. [Song.]Eng. & Ger (Germania) by Franz Xaver Gruber (Unknown Binding - 1889)

A Tyrolese Christmas Song (Peaceful. Peaceful Night, glorious Night, etc. [By Franz Xaver Gruber.] [1889.] [Germania. no.388.]) (Unknown Binding) - Import

Augener & Co was the publisher according to a book list printed by them in 1884.

 

Silent Night, holy Night ... Carol. [Melody by F. X. Gruber.] Poem translated by Basil  Douglas. Music arranged by L. Woodgate by Franz Xaver Gruber (Unknown Binding - 1938) - Import

 

Silent Night, holy Night. [Song with descant.] English translation by I. Gass ... Accompaniment and Descant by E. Sharpe,etc (Cramer's Descant Series) by Franz Xaver Gruber (Unknown Binding - 1939) - Import. Currently unavailable

 

Silent night! holy night!: A service of story and song for Christmas by Frederick A Reiter (Unknown Binding - 1916). Out of Print--Limited Availability

 

Print Page Return Home Page Close Window