The Boar's Head and "A Caroll of Huntynge"


"Literary Researches into the History of the Book of Saint Albans."

Harding and Wright, 1810

Bibliographic information
Title: The Book Containing the Treatises of Hawking, Hunting, Coat-armour, Fishing, and Blasing of Arms: As Printed at Westminster, by Wynkyn de Worde, the Year of the Incarnation of Our Lord MCCCClxxxxvi [1496]
Authors: Juliana Berners, Joseph Haslewood
Publisher: Harding and Wright, 1810
There is also an 1801 edition of this Treatise ... copy downloaded. Publisher & Year: Harding and Wright, 1801. "A Caroll of Huntynge" was published on p. 59 in this edition, too.

Concerning the Wynkyn de Worde edition of

The Book Containing The Treatises of Hawking, Hunting, Coat-Armour, Fishing and Blasing of Arms.

(see below)

p. 57

The smaller pieces at the end of the treatise upon Hunting consist of an enummeration of the bestys of the chace, of the swete sewte and stynkynge. -- Names of dyuers manere hownes-- Propertees of a good grehounde.--The proprytees of a good horse which article occurs in several of the Harleian MSS.--Various proverbial rhymes and sentences.--The companyes of bestys and foules: of fysshes, &c. This list was probably enlarged by the editor of the St. Albans Book; from that already given at p. 26 (ftnt). The shyres and bysshopryches of Englonde.--Last, an unentitled ballad [p. 58] with the burthen of "Euer Gramercy myn owne purse*." [Footnote: *Reprinted by Ritson, in the Ancient Songs, 1790, p. 89. [First line: A faythfull frende wolde I fayne fynde]] This was added by De Worde, and seems intended to fill a page which remains blank in the original edition. It would have proved more acceptable had the piece selected been incidental to some one of the diversions; a species of ancient lyrics, of which the specimens are uncommonly rare. (ftnt2) [**The Songs of the Chace, 1811, do not appear to possess any one earlier than the middle of the seventeenth century.]

Editor's Note: From this, it seems that De Worde did not publish "A Caroll of Hyntynge" in the 1496 edition of the Treatise of Hunting. The next paragraph seems to indicate that the editor of this volume, Joseph Haslewood, knew about this carol from his friend Thomas Hearne, and obtained the carol from him. It was printed here in 1810 as a better example of the kind of carol that should have been printed, rather than the one that was printed. Unfortunately, a copy of the Wynkyn de Worde volume can't be found; all of the reprints are of the earlier 1486 (first) edition.

An Oxford friend, whose acuteness of research is only equalled by his zeal to promote and assist the pursuits and enquiries of his friends, enables me to conclude this division with an elegant and curious fragment, that may be confidently pronounced, never before to have been re-printed or even noticed as in existence; and perhaps what is more singular, which remained to be gleaned after being known to that indefatigable antiquary, Thomas Hearne.

Editor's Note: In short, this is the first printing of this carol! On the website, the comparable version is by Flugel, with updated versions by Rickert and Vizetelly.

pp. 58-59: A Caroll of Huntynge. [In Blackletter]

As I came by a grene forest syde
I met with a forster yt badde me abyde
When go bet /hey go bet / he ygo. howe
we shall haue sport and game ynowe.

Underneth a tre I hyde me set
And with a grete herte anone I met
I badde let slyppe / and sayd hey go bet
with hey go bet / hey go bet howe.
we shall haue sport and game ynowe.

I had not stande there but a whyle
Not the mountenaunce of a myle
There came a grete hert without gyle
there be gothe / there he gothe. &c.
we shall haue sport and game ynowe.

Talbot my hounde with a mery tase
All about the grene wode he gan cast
I toke my horne and blew him a blast
with tro, ro, ro, ro: tro, ro, ro ro,
with hey go bat, hey go bet, &c.
There he gothe, here he goth, &c.
we shall haue sport and game ynowe.

The above is preserved among Hearne's books, bequeathed to the Bodleian by Dr. Rawlinson. It is a single leaf, and on the last page possesses "A carol bringyng in the bores heed," with the following colophone:

Thus endeth the Christmasse carolles, newely enprinted at London, in the fletestrete at the sygne of the sonne by Wynkyn de Worde. The yere of our lorde. M. D. xxi.

The Caroll bringyng in the bores heed [by Wynkyn de Worde] was printed by Hearne, in Guilielmi Neubrigensis Historia, iii. 745, with his usual correctness. Warton (English Poetry, iii. 143) has copied it with several inaccuracies, and Herbert gives it, with Hearne's corrections of the typographical errors, in his History of Printing, i. 164. Ritson reprinted it in his Ancient Songs, p. 126, and then it seems to have been transferred to the Gent. Mag. for Nov. 1782, with an intimation that Ritson was in the possession of the original transcript. It will be found in the second volume of the reprint of Herbert, by the Rev. T. F. Dibdin, accompanied with the modern version, as now chaunted at Oxford during the Christmas festivities.

The word mountenaunce or mountance, in the third stanza, signifies the distance of one place to another; it is used by Chaucer and Spencer (citing examples).

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Note: One of these volumes has numerous, somewhat confusing references. History of Printing was originally written by Joseph Ames with the title Typographical Antiquities: Being an Historical Account of Printing in England (Three Volumes). It was "updated" by William Herbert (Three Volumes). And then it was significantly updated by Dibdin and printed as Typographical Antiquities; Or the History of Printing in England (Four Volumes).

The full title by Ames was: Typographical Antiquities: Being An Historical Account of Printing in England: With Some Memoirs of our Antient Printers, And A Register of the Books Printed By Them, From the Year MCCCCLXXI to the Year MDC. With An Appendix Concerning Printing in Scotland and Ireland To The Same Time.

Joseph Ames, Typographical Antiquities: Being an Historical Account of Printing in England. Volume One of Three Volumes. (London: W. Faden, 1749)

William Herbert and Joseph Ames Typographical Antiquities: Being an Historical Account of Printing in England. Volume One of Three Volumes. (London, 1790)

The original document that this book is discussing is:
Bibliographic information
Title: The Book Containing the Treatises of Hawking, Hunting, Coat-armour, Fishing, and Blasing of Arms: As Printed at Westminster by Wynkyn de Worde ... 1496
Author: Juliana Berners
Editor: Joseph Haslewood
Edition: reprint
Publisher: Harding and Wright, 1801

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Bibliographic information
Title Guilielmi Neubrigensis Historia Sive Chronica Rerum Anglicarum Libris Quinque .. Edita, Studio Atque Industria Thomae Hearnii Qui Et Praeter Joannis Picardi Annotationes, Suas Etiam Notas Et Spicilegium Subjecit. Accedunt Homiliae Tres Eidem Guilielmo ... Adscriptae ... Nunc Primum Editae, Volume 3
Authors Guilielmus Neubrigensis, Thomas Hearne, Jean Picard
Publisher Sheldon, 1719
Length 343 pages

Volume three is not available, unfortunately, although Volumes 1 & 2 are.

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Update the web page, "As I Came By A Grene Forest Syde"
Source: Edwald Flügen and Gustav Schirmer, eds., Angelia. Vol. XII. Band. (Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1889), p. 587.

Add the screen shot of page 59 (as an example of the blackletter font used in 1496 by Wynkyn De Worde).

Also add a note to the Rickert page:
A Carol of Hunting

Words and Music: English Traditional
Rickert cites Christmas Carolles by Wynkyn de Worde
Source: Edith Rickert, Ancient English Christmas Carols: 1400-1700 (London: Chatto & Windus, 1914), p. 139. Rickert identifies this as one of several "carols not related to Christmas."

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