The O Antiphons: Scriptural Bases

For Advent

Words: Veni, Veni, Emanuel (the "O" Antiphons),
Authorship Unknown, 8th Century Latin;
Published: Psalteriolum Cantionum Catholicarum, Kln, 1710.

Music: "Veni Emmanuel," 15th Century French Plain Song melody,
Arranged and harmonized by Thomas Helmore in
Hymnal Noted, Part II (London: 1856)
Based on a 15th Century French Processional
(Some sources give a Gregorian, 8th Century origin.)
MIDI / Noteworthy Composer / PDF / XML
Melody Only: MIDI / Noteworthy Composer / PDF / XML

See: Notes on the Great O Antiphons and Veni, Veni, Emmanuel

Isaiah 9:6-7. "For a CHILD IS BORN to us, and a son is given to us, and the government is upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called, Wonderful, Counsellor, God the Mighty, the Father of the world to come, the Prince of Peace. His empire shall be multiplied, and there shall be no end of peace: he shall sit upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom; to establish it and strengthen it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth and for ever: the zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this."

Each of the Great O Antiphons in the Advent address Christ by one of His Scriptural titles. Different authorities give various verses from the Bible for each of the Antiphons. Sources include:

Latin text from Brevarium Romanum, Vol. I, Pars Hiemalis (Antuerpi, 1747) p. 173.

Prose translations and additional Scriptural citations from John Mason Neale and Thomas Helmore, eds., Hymnal Noted - Parts I and II. (London: Novello, 1856), pp. 207-209, and John Mason Neale, The Words of the Hymnal Noted, Complete With Scripural References. (London: J. A. Novello and J. Masters), pp. 130-132.

Scriptural citations from the Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition (DRA) translation of the Holy Bible.

December 17: "O Sapientia..." (O Wisdom)

O Sapintia, qu ex ore Altissimi prodiisti,
fine usque ad finem frtiter,
rque dispnens mnia:
veni ad doc
ndum nos viam prudnti.

O Wisdom, Which camest forth out of the mouth of the Most High,
and reachest from one end to the other,
mightily and sweetly ordering all things;
Come and teach us the way of prudence.

Scriptural Citations:

December 18: "O Adonai..." (O Lord and Ruler of the House of Isrl)

O Adonai, et dux domus Isral,
qui Moyse in igne flamm
rubi apparusti,
et ei in Sina legem ded
veni ad redim
ndum nos in brchio extnto.

O Lord and Ruler of the House of Isrl,
Who appearedst unto Moses in a flame of fire in the bush,
and gavest unto him the Law of Sinai:
Come redeem us with a stretched-out arm.

Scriptural Citations:

December 19: "O Radix Jesse..." (O Root of Jesse)

Prose Version:

O Radix Jesse, qui stas in signum populrum,
super quem contin
bunt reges os suum,
quem gentes deprecab
veni ad liber
ndum nos, jam noli tardre.

O Root of Jesse, Who standest for an ensign of the people,
at Whom Kings shall shut their mouths,
unto Whom the Gentiles shall pray:
Come and deliver us, and tarry not.

Scriptural Citations:

Note: Jesse was the father of King David, and Micah had prophesied that the Messiah would be of the house and lineage of David and be born in Davids city, Bethlehem (Micah 5:1).

Note: The lion is said to be the biblical symbol of the tribe of Judah.

December 20: "O Clavis David..." (O Key of David):

O Clavis David, et sceptrum domus Isral,
peris, et nemo claudit:
claudis, et nemo
veni, et educ vinctum de domo c
ntem in tnebris, et umbra mortis.

O Key of David, and Scepture of the House of Isrl,
Thou That openest and no man shutteth, and shuttest, and no man openeth:
Come, and lose the prisoner from the prison house,
and him that sitteth in darkness, from the shadow of death.

Scriptural Citations:

Isaiah 22:22. "And I will lay the key of the house of David upon his shoulder: and he shall open, and none shall shut: and he shall shut, and none shall open."

Isaiah 42:7. "To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house."

Isaiah 9:2. "The people that walked in darkness, have seen a great light: to them that dwelt in the region of the shadow of death, light is risen."

Apocalypse [Revelation] 3:7. And to the angel of the church of Philadelphia, write: These things saith the Holy One and the true one, he that hath the key of David; he that openeth, and no man shutteth; shutteth, and no man openeth:

Genesis 49:10: "The sceptre shall not be taken away from Juda, nor a ruler from his thigh, till he come that is to be sent, and he shall be the expectation of nations."

Luc. 1:79. "To enlighten them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death: to direct our feet into the way of peace."

December 21: "O Oriens..." (O Dawn of the East) (Dayspring)

O riens, splendor lucis trn, et sol justiti:
veni, et ill
mina sdentes in tnebris, et umbra mortis.

O Orient, Brightest of the Eternal Light,
and Sun of Righteousness:
Come and lighten them that sit in darkness,
and in the shadow of death.

Scriptural Citations:

December 22: "O Rex Gentium" (O King of the Gentiles) (Nations)

O Rex Gntium, et desidertus erum,
sque angulris, qui facis traque unum:
veni, et salva h
minem, quem de limo formsti.

O King of the Gentiles, and their Desire,
the Corner-stone, Who madest both one:
Come and save man, whom Thou hast made out of the dust of the earth.

Scriptural Citations:

December 23: "O Emmanuel..." (God With Us)

O Emmnul, Rex et lgifer noster,
cttio Gntium, et Salvtor erum:
veni ad salvandum nos, D
mine, Deus noster.

O Emmanuel, our King and Lawgiver,
the Desire of all Nations, and their Saviour:
Come and save us,
O Lord our God.

Scriptural Citations:

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