The Hymns and Carols of Christmas

The Christmas Songs in Woodward's PiŠ Cantiones

Rev. George R. Woodward, ed., PiŠ Cantiones. A Collection of Church & School Song, chiefly Ancient Swedish, originally Published in A. D. 1582 by Theodoric Petri of Nyland. (London: Printed at the Chiswick Press for the Plainsong & Medieval Music Society, 1910)

Original Publication: Theodoric Petri, ed., PiŠ Cantiones EcclesiasticŠ et ScholasticŠ Veterum Episcoporum. (GyphisuualdiŠ: Augustinum Ferberum, 1582)

 

Woodward-Piae_Cantiones-1910-Title_Page.jpg (43340 bytes)As we know, Jaakko Finne, the editor of the original version of PiŠ Cantionesmade some substantial changes to the texts of the carols, replacing any reference to the Virgin Mary with the name of "Jesus," with results ranging from the unusual to the absurd.

Woodward, following the lead of others such as Klemming and Dreves & Blume, has restored them to their original form. For this reason, some of the ôChristmas Carolsö in the original 1582 edition are not Christmas Carols in Woodward's restoration and others. Following the main listing from Woodward will be a listing of all carols from original with notes to their location in Woodward's restoration.

Some Latin carols were translated by Woodward for inclusion in The Cowley Carol Book; see: Table Of Contents.

Petri-Piae_Cantiones-1582-Title_Page.jpg (48269 bytes)My source was a scanned version of the 1910 volume from IMSLP - Petrucci Music Library, Woodward-PiŠ Cantiones. This page also includes a partial scan of the 1582 original.

 

De Nativitate Domini

Numbers I-XIV, LIII-LIV, & LXXVIII

1-14, 53-54, 78.

Number

Title

Pages [PDF]

Notes Pages

 

De Nativitate Domini

 

 

1

Angelus Emittitur

1-2 [41-42]

205 [245]

2

Verbum caro factum est

2-3 [42-43]

205 [245]

3

Resonet In Laudibus

4-5 [44-45]

206 [246]

4

Psallat scholarum concio

5-6 [45-46]

208 [248]

5

Personent hodie

7 [47]

209 [249]

6

In Dulci Jubilo

8-9 [48-49]

210 [250]

7

Ecce, novum gaudium

9-10 [49-50]

214 [254]

8

Omnis mundus jocundetur

10-11 [50-51]

214 []254

9

Dies est lŠtitiŠ

11-13 [51-53]

215 [255]

10

Congaudeat turba fidelium

14 [54]

220 [260]

11

Puer nobis nascitur

15 [55]

222 [262]

12

Puer natus in Bethlehem

16-17 [56-57]

223 []263

13

Ad cantus lŠticiŠ

18-19 [58-59]

228 [268]

14

Gaudete! Gaudete! Christus est natus

20 [60]

229 [269]

 

De Nativitate Domini & Salvatoris Nostri Iesv Christi

 

 

53

De radice processerat

91-92 [131-132]

254 [294]

54

LŠtetur Ierusalem

93-94 [133-134]

254 [294]

 

De Nativitate

 

 

78

Magnum nomen Domini

201 [241]

266 [306]

 

 

Christmas carols in the 1582 PiŠ Cantiones as found in Woodward's 1910 restoration.

 

Title

Woodward's PC Number and Pages

Woodward's Notes

Original PC Christmas, but not Woodward.

Angelus Emittitur 

#1, 1-2 [41-42]

205 [245]

 

Salue flos et decor ecclesiŠ

 

 

#24, p. 36-37 [76-77], Notes 239 [279]

Puer nobis nascitur

#11, 15 [55]

222 [262]

 

Verbum caro factum est de virgin

#2, 2-3 [42-43]

205 [245]

 

De radice processerat

 

 

#53, p. 91 [131], Notes 254 [294]

Congaudeat turba fidelium

#10, 14 [54]

220 [260]

 

Ave maris stella lucens miseris

 

 

#28, p. 47 [87-88], Notes 242 [282]

LŠtetur Ierusalem

#54, 93-94 [133-134]

254 [294]

 

Personent hodie

#5, 7 [47]

209 [249]

 

Psallat scholarum concio

#4, 5-6 [45-46]

208 [248]

 

Ave, Maris Stella , Diuinitatis cella

 

 

#27, p. 45-46 [85-86], Notes 241 [281]

Dies est lŠtitiŠ

#9. 11-13 [51-53]

215 [255]

 

Ecce, novum gaudium

#7, 9-10 [49-50]

214 [254]

 

Resonet In Laudibus

#3, 4-5 [44-45]

206 [246]

 

In Dulci Jubilo

#6, 8-9 [48-49]

210 [250]

 

Omnis mundus jocundetur

#8, 10-11 [50-51]

214 [254]

 

Florens iuventus virginis

 

 

#66, p. 138-149 [178-189], Notes 258 [298]

Laus virginis nati sonat cum jubilo

 

 

#67, p. 150-161 [190-201], Notes 259 [299]

Unica, gratifera  (Also found as Vnica gratifera legis)

 

 

#68, p. 161-166 [201-206], Notes 259 [299]

Psallat fidelis contio

 

 

#26, pp. 38-45, Notes 240 [280]

Paranymphus adiit  (also found under the title Paranymphus adiens)

 

 

#69, p. 167-170 [207-210], Notes 260 [300]

Ad cantus lŠticiŠ

#13, 18-19 [58-59]

228 [268]

 

Puer Natus in Bethlehem

#12, 16-17 [56-57]

223 []263

 

Gaudete! Gaudete! Christus est natus

#14, 20 [60]

229 [269]

 

Magnum nomen Domini

#78, 201 [241]

266 [306]

 

 

 

Sources of Latin hymns found in Piae Cantiones:

Copies of many of these works are available at the Internet Archive and Google Books.

 

Availability of Copies of PiŠ Cantiones

A scanned copy of the 1582 edition is available at IMSLP (International Music Score Library Project) http://imslp.org/wiki/PiŠ_Cantiones_(Anonymous). An incomplete copy of the 1582 edition is also available at the IMSLP page. It does, however, include all of the ôCantiones de nativitate Domini et Salvatoris nostri Jesu Christi.ö

Some of the songs are available at the CPDL (Choral Public Domain Library), PiŠ Cantiones ( http://www2.cpdl.org/wiki/index.php/PiŠ_Cantiones; accessed July 4, 2014).

At this time (July 3, 2014), there is no copy at either the Internet Archive or Google Books.

A facsimile is available at Facsimiles PiŠ Cantiones, including scans of individual pages from PiŠ Cantiones (in the Adobe PDF format) (http://www.spielleut.de/facs_piŠ_cantiones.htm; accessed June 15, 2009).

A new edition by tenor and early music specialist Mats Lillhannus, based on the 1582 edition, is freely available at his PiŠ Cantiones site. It includes both the music and the lyrics. He also includes PiŠ Cantiones 1625 additions.

There is also an edition by Timo Mākinen, Die Aus frŘhen b÷hmischen Quellen Řberlieferten Piae Cantiones-Melodien (1964). He is also the author of Piae Cantiones-sńvelmien lńhdetutkimuksia (1968). I have not had the opportunity to review either volume.

There is also Heikki Klemetti, ed., Piae Cantiones (Breitkopf & Hńrtel, 1911).

Finally, there is a Wikipedia article, PiŠ Cantiones (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PiŠ_Cantiones; accessed July 4, 2014).

 

List of Some of the Principal Works to which Reference is Made in the Explanatory Notes.

In his texts, Rev. Woodward will occasionally make a reference such as ôKlemming II.ö In his Piae Cantiones, Rev. Woodward created this list of principal works to which he referred (pages 267-269). I have slightly amended the format of the references, in some cases, to conform to the MLA standard. I do not speak German, and my French, Koine Greek and Latin have eroded over the years to the extent that I don't consider that I have a working knowledge of those languages either. Works in those languages may or may not be changed from the form given by Rev. Woodward. Note that Rev. Woodward favored the archaic form of the letter ôsö that closely resembles the letter ôfö , which has led to confusion in retyping some of these texts.

Source: George R. Woodward, M.A., PiŠ Cantiones. (London: Plainsong & Medieval Music Society, 1910), pp. 267-9. ôList of Some of the Principal Works to Which Reference Is Made in the Foregoing Explanatory Notes.ö Most of these are available at Google Books or the Internet Archive, or both. These sites are frequently updated.

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