The Hymns and Carols of Christmas

A Study and Critical Commentary

of Piæ Cantiones

A Sixteenth-Century Song Collection

 

by

Eileen Hadidian

June 1978

 

APPENDIX B.

 

SOURCES AND ORIGINS OF PIAE CANTIONES SONGS

 

See: Abbreviations

 

Song Origin Manuscript Sources Printed Sources No.
Voices
Special Comments
  Scandinavian Other   Piae Cantiones Other    
        1582 1625      
Page 108  
Angelus emittitur X     1:11 1:7 Rh. (1619)
Dr. 45b:136
1  
Salve flos et decor X  

 

2:12 2:8 Kl. II:48
Dr. 45b:151
1 Originally a Marian song
De radice processerat X     5:16 5:12 Kl. II:18
Dr. 45b:135
1  
Laetetur Jerusalem X     8:20 8:16 Kl. II:31
Dr. 45b:133
Rh. 48
1  
Personet Hodie X  

Older version from Mosburg Gradual (Cod. Univ. Monacen 157) of 1360.

9:21 9:17 Rh. 51
Kl. II:40
Dr. 45b:135
1 Parody of an older cantio in honor of St. Nicholas.
Psallat scholarium concio X     10:23 10:19 Kl. II:45
Dr. 45b:134
1  
Ecce novum gaudium X     13:29 13:25 Kl. II:32
Dr. 45b:131
1  
Florens iuventus virginis X     17:35 17:31 Kl. II:23
Dr. 45b:181
1 Originally a Marian song.
Laus virginis X     18:47 18:43 Kl. II:33
Dr. 45b:145
1 Sequence
Page 109
Unica gratifera legis X     19:59 19:55 Kl. II:49
Dr. 45b:149
1  
Psallat fidelis concio X     20:59 20:60 Kl. II:41
Dr. 45b:148
1  
Johelis prophetiae X       33:85   1  
Ave funda Davidis X       34:87   1  
Iucundare gloria X       35:88   1  
Congaudeat turba fidelium   Medieval French Bibl. Reg. Paris no. 1139 (11th c.)
Antiphonale Missarium (12th c.)
6:17 6:13 Rh. 47
D. IV:147
D.M. II:47
1 Christmas trope on Benedicamus Domino.
Puer nobis nascitur   Medieval Bohemian Ms. 724 from Stadtbibliothek at Trier (15th c.).
Cod. Lat. 5023 at Munich (15th c.)
Hohenfurth ms. of 1410.
Wittingau ms. of 1459.
3:13 3:9 Adolf
Spangenberg
Leisentritt
W. 329
Dr. I:43
1 Trope on Benedicamus Domino.
In hoc anni circulo   Medieval Bohemian Bib. Nat. Lat. 1139 (12th c.)
Antiphonarium Bobbiense, Cod. Taurinen (13th c.)
4:14 4:10 Dr. 20:22
D.M. 337
W. 265
J. 1216:ii
1  
Page 110
Ave maris stella lucens   Medieval Bohemian Hohenfurth ms. c. 1410
Prag. ms. VI (15th c.)
Gradual von Jistebnicz (early 15th c.)
Univ. libr. Prag ms. X.E.2 (early 15th c.)
7:18 7:14 Kl. II:15
Dr. 1:49
1 Marian song

Bohemian origin.

Ave maris stella divinitatis   Medieval German Antiph. ms. from St. Lamprecht (Cod. Graecen 258) 11:25 11:21 Kl. II:13
Dr. 20:143
1 Marian song

Bohemian origin.

Dies est laetitiae   Medieval Bohemian Hohenfurth ms. of 1410
Kantional von Jistebnicz (c. 1420)
Gradual von Jistebnicz (early 15th c.)
12:26 12:22 Adolf
Spangenberg
W. L:206-7
Dr. 1:42
M. 1:62
D. I:335
1 Harmonized by Walther, Calsivius, Praetorius, Crüger, Schein, Pachebel, Buxtehude, Bach.
Paranymphus adiens   Medieval Bohemian Prag. ms. VI B. 24 (early 16th c.) 21:71 21:66 Kl. II:40
Dr. 1:83
2 Bohemian origin
Page 111
Ad cantus laetitiae   Medieval Bohemian Trop. ms. Cod. Stuttgartien (13th c.)
Cod. Engelbergen (14th c.)
22:75 22:68 Adolf
Dr. 20:89
W. I:233
2 Early example of rondellus form.
Tempus adest gratiae (with refrain Gaudete)   Medieval Bohemian Process. ms. Schoenenbergense (1533)
Cod. Berolinen (15th c.)
24:79 25:74 Rh.
Spangenberg
Kl. II:28
Dr. 1:80
Z. I:7-8
4 Tune provided for refrain only.
Resonet in laudibus   Bohemian Mosburg Gradual, Cod. Univ. Monacen 157 (1360) 14:30 14:26 Spangenberg
Leisentritt
Babst
(1547)
Tegernser
 (1577)
Dr. 20:23
W. 49
D. I:327
W. I:348-354
K. I:94, 96
J. 1668:i
Ch. II:467
1 Popular Christmas carol. Harmonizations by Walther, Calsivius, Praetorius.
Omnis mundus iucunditur   Bohemian Breslau I, 8 from late 15th c. 16:33 16:29 Spangenberg
Adolf
Ch. II:204
K. I:116-7
W. I:215
Z. V:8581
1  
Page 112
In dulci jubilo   German Cod. 1305 from Leipzig Univ. Library (14th c.) 15:38 15:28 K. I:108
W. II:640-7
1 Mischlied Settings by Calsivius, Praetorius, Scheidt, Crüger, Walther, Buxtehude, Bach.
Puer natus in Bethlehem   Bohemian Cod. Taurinen from Antiphonale Bobbiense (late 13th c.)
Prager Hsch. XIII, H.3.C. (c. 1320)
Kantionale von Jistebnicz (c. 1420)
Brit. Mus. Add. 5666 (early 15th c.)
23:77 23:70 Dr. 20:93
W. I:309
D. I:334
Rh. 30
J. 940:ii
Z. I:53
1, 2, 4 Bohemian origin. Settings by all the above.
Nunc angelorum gloria   Bohemian     24:73 W. 344 1  
In natali domini   German     26:76 W. 323 1  
Parvulus nobis nascitur   Bohemian     28:79 W. 400 1  
Nobis est natus hodie   Bohemian     29:80 W. 398 1  
Grates nunc omnes   Medieval Bohemian     30:81   1 Sequence
Page 113
Psallite unigenito   German     31:82 W. 401 1  
Ex legis observantia   Bohemian     32:84 Dr. 1:25 1  
 

Easter

 
Autor humani generis X     25:81 36:91 Kl. II:74
Dr. 45b:140
Neale, 22
1  
Amoris opulentiam X     28:99 40:107 Kl. II:71
Dr. 45b:139
1  
Jesus humani generis X     29:101 41:109 Kl. II:81
Dr. 45b:139
1 Acrosticon on Johannes
Aetas carmen melodiae X     31:106 45:119 Kl. II:81 2, 4  
Iucundare iugiter X     32:110 46:124 Kl. II:83 3, 4  
A dextris Dei Dominus   German Shorter version found in Cod. Maihing 26:95 38:104 Kl. II:70
Dr. 45b: 137
     20:104
1  
Cedit hyems eminus   Bohemian Hohenfurth ms. (1410)
Two other Prag ms. from 15th c.
30:103 44:114 Kl. II:108
Dr. 1:98
D. I:342
Z. 4973-5
3, 4 Settings by Praetorius, Crüger, Bach.
Page 114
Christus pro nobis       27:98 39:106 Adolf
Rh. 104
W. I:476
Z. 2580
1 Originally a Benedicamus
Jesus dulci memoria   Bohemian   33:114 47:126 W. 117
J. 585:ii
4 Attributed to Bernard de Clairvaux (1091-1153).
Surrexit Christus Dominus   German     42:111 W. 282 1  
Surrexit Christus hodie   Bohemian     43:113 W. 277   Originally a Benedicamus trope.
Ascendit Christus hodie   Bohemian     48:130   1 Originally a Benedicamus trope.
 

Trinity

 
Benedicte tres personas X     35:119 50:132 Kl. II:2
Dr. 45b:138
1 A Benedict or prayer of thanks after the meal
Bene quondam dociles X     36:121 51:134 Kl. II:3
Dr. 45b:144
1 Acrosticon on Bircerus.
Triformis relucentia X     37:126 52:136 Kl. II:8
Dr. 45b:143
1 Acrosticon on Thomas.
Page 115

Prayer Hymns

 
O Rex coelorum Domine X     40:129 55:142 Kl. II: 62
Rh. 267
1  
O Christe rex piissime X     41:130 56:144 Kl. II:59
Dr. 45b:151
1 Originally a Marian hymn.
Ave Rex regum omnium X     42:131 57:145 Kl. II:55
Dr. 45b:152
1 Originally a Marian hymn.
Parce Christe spes reorum   German Cod. Taurinen. Reg. 11 43:133 58:146 Kl. II:60
Dr. 20:169
1 Originally a Marian hymn.
 

Eucharist

 
Divinum mysterium   French Missale ms. Novesiense, Cod. Parisiens 17,063.
Also found in c. 20 mss. of Italian, German, Gallican, and Bohemian origin, dating from the 10th to the 16th c.
38:125 53:138 Dr. 9:46
M. I:305
1 Trope to the Sanctus, also used as a sequence.
Jesus Christus nostra salus   Bohemian Hohenfurth ms. (c. 1410)
Grad. Altovadense (1410)
Cont. Vissegradense
Orat. ms. Pollingense (1501)
Cont. ms. Pragense at the Böhm. Mus. in Prag (1512)
39:127 54:140 Dr. 45b:105
W. I:367
D. II:370
J. 598, 1657
1 Attributed to Johannes Hus. Settings by Walther, Calsivius, Praetorius, Schein, Scheidt, Crüger, Buxtehude. Bach.
Page 116

Pentecost

 
Quando Christus ascenderat   German   34:118 49:131 Lossius 136
W. I:281
Z. II:2581
1 Originally a Benecamus.
 

On The Miserable Human Condition

 
Vanitatum vanitas X     44:139 59:150 Kl. IV:5
Dr. 45B:157
Neale, 13
1  
Insignis est figura X     45:141 60:152 Kl. II:22
Dr. 45b:159
Wood., 403
1  
Mirum si laeteris X     46:143 61:154 Kl. IV:31
Dr. 45b:156
1  
O mentes perfidas   German According to Dreves, part of a sequence from Troper ms of 13th c., Cod. Stuttgartien HBI, asc. 95. 47:145 62:156 Kl. IV:41
Dr. 45b:160
1  
Nunc floret mendacium X     48:147 63:158 Kl. IV:38
Dr. 45b:160
1  
Page 117
Mundanis vanitatibus X     49:149 64:160 Kl. IV:35
Dr. 45b:158
1  
In hoc vitae stadio X     50:151 65:162 Kl. IV:19
Dr. 45b:157
1  
Honestatis decus X     51:153 66:164 Kl. IV:29
Dr. 45:161
1  
Iam verus amor X     53:156 68:167 Kl. IV:8
Dr. 45b:162
1  
Invaluit malitia X     55:152 70:173 Kl. IV:12
Dr. 45:164
1  
Ieremiae prophetiae X     57:165 72:176 Kl. IV:26
Dr. 45:162
1  
Mars praecurit X     54:160 69:171 Kl. IV:14
Dr. 45b:163
1  
Scribere proposui   Medieval French Paris ms. B. R. no. 273 (c. 1267)
Trop. ms. Dublinense, Cod. Cantabrigien.
Cod. Montes Serrati.
Brit. Mus. Egerton ms. 274 (13th c.)
52:155 67:165 Kl. IV:16
D. M. 125
Dr. 21:150-1
1  
Page 118
Cum sit omnes   Medieval French Miss. Aquilegiense (1508)
Egerton ms. 274 at Brit. Mus. (13 c.)
Firenze ms. from 13th c.
56:163 71:174 Kl. IV:3
Dr. 21:95
1 Ascribed to Bernard de Clairvaux or Philippe de Greve (d. 1236).
 

School Songs

 
Castitas speculum X     58:168 73:179 Kl. IV:45
Dr. 45b:166
   
O scholares discite X   Uppsala ms. Cod. vetus Wadstenensis J. VI. 59:170 74:180 Kl. IV:58
Dr. 45b:165
1  
Scholare convenite X     60:173 75:184 Kl. IV:69
Dr. 45b:164
1  
Discipline filius X     61:175 76:186 Kl. IV:48
Dr. 45b:168
1  
Olla mortis patescit X     62:176 77:188 Kl. IV:54
Dr. 45b:168
1 Acrosticon on Olaus.
In stadio laboris X     63:178 78:190 Kl. IV:52
Dr. 45b:155
1  
Schola morum floruit X     64:180 79:192 Kl. IV:66
Dr. 45b:163
1  
Page 119
Sum in aliena provincia X   Older version from Cod. vetus Wadstenensis, ms. 32 (Uppsala) 65:181 80:194 Kl. IV:71
Dr. 45b:170
1  
O scholares voce parens X     66:182 81:195 Kl. IV:63
Dr. 45b:170
1  
Regimen scholarium X     67:183 82:196 Kl. IV:65
Dr. 45b:14
1  
 

On Unity

 
O quam mundum X     68:186 83:200 Kl. IV:76
Dr. 45b:167
1  
Laetemur omnes socii X     69:188 83:201 Kl. IV:75
Dr. 45b:167
1  
 

Historical Songs

 
Ramus virens olivarum X     72:193 87:206 Kl. IV:93
Dr. 45b:153
1  
Homo quidam x     71:190 86:204 Rh. 264
Kl. IV:87
Dr. 45b:154
1  
Page 120
Zachaeus arboris   Bohemian Gradual von Jistebnicz (early 15th c.)
Ms. in Böhm Mus. at Prag (15th c.)
Ms. in Univ. Libr. at Prag, X.E.2 (early 16th c.)
70:189 85:202 Dr. 1:149 2 Church dedication festival Benedicamus Domino.

Early example of rondellus.

 

Spring Songs

 
Tempus adest floridum   Bohemian   74:195 89:209 Rh. 142
Kl. IV:83
Dr. 45b:171
1  
In vernali tempore X     73:194 88:208 Kl. IV:81
Dr. 45b:171
1  
Ad perennis vitae         90:210      

 

See: Abbreviations

 

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